The built environment is currently constructed using a limited palette of traditional materials:
concrete, glass, steel and wood.
Traditional materials contain a high-embodied energy, and rely heavily on limited natural resources.
The manufacture of concrete, one of the most energy intensive materials, uses limestone shale converted into Portland cement through high-heat processes. Global cement production in 2008 amounted 2.8 billion tons, with equivalent quantities of CO2 released into the atmosphere. Both concrete and clay manufacturing include energy intensive processes for raw material extraction, transportation, and fuel sources for heating kilns.
40% of global carbon dioxide emissions are linked to the construction industry,
primarily owing to exhaustive material production and disposal processes.
We GROW our materials by employing microorganisms.